Cuba's Social Media and Online Voices

New York Times

By: Dulce Ramos

It can be difficult to accurately gauge Cuban public opinion given government constraints on the news media and the limited access in Cuba to the Internet and social platforms.
A poll conducted in March 2015, the first independent opinion poll in Cuba since 1959, found that three out of four Cubans felt they could not freely express their opinions in public. The survey, conducted by the polling firm Bendixen & Amandi International in Miami on behalf of the broadcasters Univision and Fusion, also found that only 16 percent of Cubans had access to the Internet and, among those who did, only 40 percent had a social media account.
Most use Facebook, with a a mere 4 percent of social media users in Cuba on Twitter. Still, their online voices are influential in Latin America, because social media is where dissidents have been able to amplify their message. Cubans have been able to post via text messaging, even if they are not online, making Twitter a useful tool for activists when they face arrests or want to call others to participate in rallies.
We’ve curated a list of official sources, news media, activists, nongovernmental organizations and government officials who are on Twitter who might be sharing reactions to President Obama’s visit to Cuba.
Granma Communist Party’s official news outlet.
Cuba Debate: A state-sponsored news website.
Diario de Cuba: Independent news website.
Damas de Blanco: Or the Ladies in White, a Cuban rights organization.
Yoani Sánchez: A journalist and Cuban rights activist who founded 14 y Medio.
Sergio Gómez: A journalist for the official Granma newspaper.
Yusnaby Pérez: A blogger and journalist critical of the Castro government.
Engage Cuba: A non-profit organization advocating economic engagement with Cuba.
Carlos Alzugaray: A Cuban diplomat and academic.
Fernando Ravsberg: Correspondent for European news media in Havana.
Josefina Vidal: Director for the United States office at the Cuban Foreign Ministry.
José Daniel Ferrer: Leader of the Patriotic Union of Cuba, an opposition group.